European Political Parties

It was only with the Maastricht Treaty of 1992 that political parties were mentioned for the first time on a European level.
Today it is a regulation dating back to 2003 which defines them.

Several criteria enable the definition of a European political party: its legal personality, its representativeness on a national level or during the previous European elections, its respect for the founding principles of the European Union and finally its participation in the European elections.

Every year the European Union publishes a call for bids in view of granting a subsidy  to finance European political parties.
The procedures enables it to check that the criteria for the acquisition of European political party status are being respected and to define the total of the subsidy being granted, which cannot exceed 85% of the eligible costs of the functioning budgets of these parties.

We should not confuse European political parties and the « political groups » within the European Parliament which were formed informally when the European Community of Steel and Coal was established in 1952.
A political group rallies the MEPs of various Member States together with the same political leanings.

European People’s Party (EPP)

site : www.epp.eu
Candidate for the Presidency of the European Commission:  Manfred Weber

Party of European Socialists (PES)

site : www.pes.eu/fr

Candidate for the Presidency of the European Commission: : Frans Timmermans

Group of European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)

site : www.aecr.eu
Candidate for the Presidency of the European Commission: Jan Zahradil

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)

European Left (GUE/NGL)

European Greens

site : https://europeangreens.eu/

Candidates for the Presidency of the European Commission : Ska Keller and Bas Eickhout

Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy (EFDD)

Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom

Candidate for the Presidency of the European Commission: Matteo Salvini